What is the difference between man and animal?
Man and animal are very similar to each other. The human and animal organism is similar in composition, in structure and behavior - to various reactions and processes. The functions of the human body and the animal are identical, the human embryo develops in the same stages as the animal embryo. And, in the end, the person still has some rudimentary organs that are inherent in animals (for example, appendix). But what distinguishes man from his smaller brothers? What is the difference between man and animal?
Speaking and showing
The stages of human thinking: reasoning, judgment, inference, as well as many mental operations (as the ability to analyze, summarize, trace logical connections) are not characteristic of animals. Also, a person is able to exchange information with others like himself with the help of articulate speech, as well as printed signs and letter signs. Talking animals is a set of sounds and signals with which they can warn each other about danger and other events.In the language of animals there is no information about any abstract concepts, as well as about the events of the past and the future.
Roles and Masks
A person takes certain social roles, he can change his behavior and his desires. A person can predict the consequences of his actions and, depending on whether he corrects his actions. A person evaluates everything around him and behaves one way or another according to the results of this assessment. Animals also play certain roles: the leader and members of the pack submitting to him, mother and children, male and female. But these roles are not predetermined by the mind, but by the instincts that are inherent in them by nature from birth. An animal cannot change its mind and choose any other role for itself. In addition, the human psyche in most cases develops according to the era of time, that is, depends on historical and social conditions. The animal world has not changed over time and always in relation to its structure remained the same as we see it now.
Patience and work
A person is able to improve his environment, if it causes him discomfort, he is able to make tools himself and use them.The animal adapts to the place in which it lives and acts in life, obeying the surrounding laws. An animal can break off a stick or roll a stone for specific purposes (for example, beaver dams or bird nests). But not a single species of animals is able to make tools, in order to use them later.
Man not only seeks to satisfy his natural needs for food, warmth and procreation, but also spiritual aspirations. Therefore, in the human world there are such concepts as art, religion, philosophy and similar sciences. The animal does not have such a need and satisfies only its minimal physiological needs, which are dictated by nature.
Straight and hairline
Man, among other things, differs from an animal by upright walking and poor hairline in comparison with the fur and wool of his smaller brothers. But there is a difference with this difference. For example, a giraffe is also characterized by upright posture, and sphinx cats, like humans, do not have a pronounced hairline.
Each somatic nucleated cell of the human body contains 23 pairs of chromosomes.Not so long ago, scientists have found that the human genome contains 212 copies of the MGC8902 gene, which, in turn, encodes the DUF1220 protein. The function of this protein is unknown, but it is known that this protein is contained in the neurons of the brain. The number of copies of the MGC8902 gene (212) in humans is much greater than in the genome of the chimpanzee (37) or in the genome of the mouse and rat (1). Scientists put forward the theory that multiple copying of this gene was one of the reasons for human evolution.
What is the difference between man and animal? Often this topic becomes the subject of philosophical and religious disputes. Often there are ideas that there are no differences, that all people are shaved, washed and dressed in costumes beasts. Perhaps it is. But animals could not write these articles and certainly could not read them and think about them. Here are the key differences.