What is the industry like?
Industry is an important, fundamental part of each country's economy. Industry is all enterprises engaged in the production of instruments of labor, the extraction of raw materials, the production of energy, the processing of products produced by industry and agriculture.
What is the industry like? It consists of two fairly large groups or industries:
The mining industry, as can be seen from the name of the industry, is engaged in the extraction of raw materials: ore, oil, gas, shale, limestone, and so on. Also, the mining industry includes water pipelines and hydroelectric power plants, enterprises for the extraction of forests and fishing.
The manufacturing industry includes enterprises engaged in the production of ferrous and non-ferrous metals, chemical products, mechanical engineering, woodworking, repair, food and light products, thermal power plants and the film industry.
Now consider all types of industries separately.
Electricity. This type of industry is extremely important, as it is engaged in the production, transmission and sale of electrical energy.
Fuel industry. It is basic for Russia, as today it actively participates both in domestic and foreign policy.
This category includes:
- Oil industry.
Ferrous metallurgy. This is the basis of engineering. Raw materials for ferrous metals are ores. This industry includes:
Ore mining and enrichment
- Extraction and enrichment of various non-metallic materials
- Ferrous metal production
- Production of ferrous metal products.
Non-ferrous metallurgy. It deals with mining and enrichment of non-ferrous metal ores, respectively.
Chemical industry. This industry is engaged in the production of mineral and hydrocarbon raw materials, processing it by chemical means. Chemistry and petrochemistry is a fairly extensive industry that combines the following types of chemical industry:
- Production of inorganic chemistry: ammonia, soda and sulfuric acid production.
- Organic chemistry production: ethylene oxide, acrylonitrile, carbamide, phenol.
- Ceramics or silicate production
- Polymers like polyethylene and other materials
- Elastomers, i.e. polyurethanes and rubber
- Various explosives
- Cosmetics and perfumes
Mechanical Engineering. This type of industry is divided into the production of various purpose machines, including defense, instruments, machine tools, etc., and metalworking.
Timber, woodworking and paper industry. It includes a set of industries specializing in the harvesting and processing of wood. Processing of the obtained wood are engaged in:
- Wood industry that is committed to cleaning wood
- Cellulose paper, producing various types of paper products.
Building materials industry. Production of building materials is a widely developing type of industry, which includes the production of various types of materials:
- Natural stone materials
- Metal building materials
- Thermal insulation and other types.
Light industry.This type of industry includes a set of industries engaged in the manufacture of consumer goods. Types of light industry:
Food industry. It is engaged in the production of food, tobacco products, soap, as well as detergents. The food industry is closely associated with agriculture, as a major producer of raw materials, as well as with trade. Types of food industry:
- Flour and cereal
- Soft drinks
- Oil and fat
- Tobacco and others.
All these types of industries in Russia are characteristic. Our country is trying to develop industry, and recently its share in GDP has grown significantly, which has a positive effect on the economy of the whole country.