What is colitis?
In the world, you can count on your fingers lucky people who do not know what colitis is and have never suffered from pains in the intestines, accompanied by rumbling or bloating, which is the first sign of colitis. Another prominent symptom of this disease is the instability of the chair, when constipation alternates with diarrhea. Some people suffer from colitis occasionally, but most suffer from it all the time. For patients with chronic colitis, decreased performance, rapid fatigability, general weakness, headache, sleep disturbance are characteristic.
Causes of Colitis
Colitis is an inflammatory disease of the colon, or rather its mucous membrane. As for the causes of this disease, they may be different. Depending on its causes, there are different types of colitis.
It is the most violently infectious colitis that occurs, as a rule, it is caused by intestinal parasites and bacteria that enter the body from polluted water or poorly washed vegetables, fruits, and greens.When they hit the intestinal mucosa, they damage it, thereby causing an inflammatory process. As a result, the intestinal wall swells, and its normal contraction is disturbed. Toxins that are secreted by microbes, getting into the blood, lead to an increase in body temperature. Often, the inflammatory process also contributes to chronic foci.
Ischemic colitis occurs when blood circulation is disturbed in the colon. The main cause of chronic ischemic colitis is narrowing of the intestinal vessels due to inflammation or atherosclerotic damage.
Ischemic colitis of the intestine, the symptoms of which, as a rule, are expressed in pains that appear 30-60 minutes after eating, it is the ingestion of a large amount of food that provokes a painful attack. It can be quite intense and can last for several hours.
The most severe form of this type of colitis is associated with thrombosis and embolism. If a detached thrombus enters the blood vessels that supply blood to the colon, it can block the inferior mesenteric artery, leading to necrosis of the colon.And this is manifested by an attack of sharp pains in the left half of the abdomen, intestinal obstruction, bleeding, and peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum).
Other types of colitis
Drug colitis manifests itself as a result of prolonged use of laxatives, antibiotics, salicylates and other drugs. Toxic colitis occurs due to poisoning by toxic substances (lead, mercury, arsenic, phosphorus and others).
Doctors can establish the diagnosis of ulcerative colitis only after excluding the other causes of the disease. It should be remembered that when the course of the disease is neglected and its incorrect treatment, ulcerative colitis is often complicated by malignant growth.
Acute colitis is accompanied by a rapid onset and rapid course. And can last from several days to several weeks. Some people do not know what chronic colitis is, because it is rather sluggish, but it can disturb a person for the rest of their lives. The pain in chronic colitis is dull, aching, often spastic. Localized mainly in the lower abdomen, at least - in the left hypochondrium, usually decreases after an act of defecation, discharge of gases, as well as taking antispasmodics and exposure to heat.Now you know what intestinal colitis is, and you can take action on time and recover.