What are ideals? The moral ideal
In our life we often use the word "ideal". But do we think about its meaning. Let's look at the explanatory dictionary. A synonym for the word ideal is the word "perfection". If we describe the meaning, it turns out that this is the highest point that a person can achieve in his development. A person can have perfect beauty, character. But all these are external manifestations.
The interpretation of the term
After a short study, we could not find a common opinion on the question "what are ideals?". The definition is completely different and ambiguous.
The problem is that for every person wholives in a particular society, the interpretation of the term "ideal" is unique. A person follows his own ideas, which are laid in his subconscious. For someone, these are the ideals of external beauty, but for someone, these are spiritual ideals. But you can not treat them as a static phenomenon. For example, in childhood can be the ideals of a prince or a princess. They will have certain features of character, appearance.
As the child grows up, these ideals beginchange. Here it is necessary to take this seriously. Many children take for ideals images that they are not at all. Especially serious are the ideals that teenagers define for themselves. For example, the hero of an action movie that violates the law. Following your ideal can lead a child to the fact that he himself repeats the fate of his idol.
Sometimes, as an ideal, a successfulrights. Following his advice, you can achieve success in business yourself. The older generation considers an ideal and an example for imitation of veterans, heroes who have saved their homeland and thousands of lives. But each person perceives ideals in his own way. Because the system of values has its own.
Examples of the Ideal
The description of the ideal can be found in the artisticliterature, painting, architecture. But the problem is that at a different epoch a certain stereotype was taken for the highest point of perfection. A moral ideal can be external or internal. In literary works, one can find many examples of how a person who has external beauty, for example Helen in War and Peace, may not be perfect if we talk about his spiritual content. Thus, we are unlikely to find a single point of view about what ideals are.
The idea of the ideal in terms of philosophy
The question of what ideals are, interested peopleeven from ancient times. Today the notion of morality and culture is gradually losing its significance. In the minds of an adult, not to mention children, there is a real mixture of different cultures and values. At the same time, society can not develop normally, if there are no lofty goals, ideals. The concept of a moral ideal is present in the Orthodox religion, on which the culture of Ancient Rus was built. Children, in those days, were brought up in accordance with the idea of the dogmas of the Orthodox Church.
Later, many philosophers, for example, Lomonosov,they studied ideals from their points of view. It was their ideas laid in the system of raising children. The concept of the ideal can be found in the writings of Kant, Pestalozze, Ushinsky. The system of spiritual values is laid down in many works of fiction. But the fact is that at different times the question of what ideals are, people answered differently. Each culture has its own values.
On the moral ideals
If you disassemble the concept from a philosophical point of viewyou can find a division. There is an ideal, which is defined as the highest point, value, a certain system of moral concepts. In which the moral ideal is a system based on moral requirements. Their totality forms a certain image of a person's personality. There are certain characteristics.
- From the point of the spiritual and moral system of values,ideals are a model that are worthy of imitation. In this regard, you can give examples of artistic and spiritual literature. Many heroes have a number of characteristics that allow one to draw conclusions about their moral qualities.
- Throughout human evolution, the concept of"The moral ideal" was constantly changing. Thus, in ancient Greece, according to Aristotle, the ideal from the moral point of view was the ability to self-contemplation. Man had to renounce the ordinary worldly life, to achieve the highest point of perfection. Kant, believed that the moral ideal is determined by the inner world of man.
In order to do things thatworthy of an ideal personality, one must be guided by certain rules. One way or another, but for every philosopher and psychologist, there is an idea of what ideals are.
Cultural values of man
A person lives in society. This or that society, if we regard it as a society, lives in accordance with its rules, traditions, which are also called culture. A person can not exist without a specific goal. It is culture and puts forward to the individual goals. This is not a scientific definition. Science identifies the causes that exist in certain time periods. The goals that the person puts forward allow us to predict the future. It is determined by the actions of personality.
In the animal kingdom, there is no system of values from whichthe definition of what the ideals of culture is. But it is in human society. Moreover, the goals that the person sets himself are determined in many ways by culture. The culture of this or that society is based on traditions. It develops at the genetic level. That is transmitted from generation to generation. Society poses to man not a simple task - to preserve culture. For the entire evolution of mankind, there were a large number of different cultures. There was Chinese, Egyptian, Old Russian. Each of them took care to pass on their system of values to the next generation.
Ideal human life
From all of the above, we can say that each person has his own system of values. Each person sets himself certain goals. Achieving them, a person realizes his ideal of life.
For one, the ideal in life is the family, forother material values. Each of us has the ideal of life. Everyone makes an effort to achieve it. For this he sets himself goals. This is very important, it is the goal that motivates a person to develop in the right direction.
Is it possible to achieve an ideal
If we consider the ideal as the goal to whichshould strive, then you can turn to psychology. Much here depends on the answer to the question, what are the ideals of man, and also from his person. If there is a desire, then the goal set before them can be achieved. What is needed for this? First of all, you need to determine for yourself what you need to achieve. It can be an ideal family, or an ideal job. After that, on a piece of paper, you should make a plan for yourself.
Secondly, it is important to determine for yourself the time, forwhich should be achieved the task. Do not immediately plan your actions for several years ahead. This can be a short period of time for which you can achieve certain results that will bring about the realization of the goal.
It is very important to find the right motivation,or cause. You need to support yourself with positive thoughts. Very often on the way to achieve their ideal, obstacles arise. Do not forget that without them you can not achieve the goal. You need to treat them correctly. It is very important to leave the zone of habitual comfort.
Having considered the question of what are the ideals of a person,we can draw conclusions. In pursuit of material values, one should not forget about morality and spirituality. The basis of moral values is laid down in many religions. There must be a system that is culture-based. The soul should be in the first place. It is about the development of spiritual qualities that should be taken care of first. Then the life of society can become ideal.