Principles and norms of international law
The norms of international law are the main andan extremely necessary instrument for creating a civilized democratic system of interstate relations. They serve to control the foreign policy aspirations of various countries, the regulation of frequent conflicts of interest, territorial claims and to maintain a common world order. The norms of international law, among other things, are also a powerful deterrent to the geopolitical ambitions of many leaders of world powers. In other words, the body of international laws and rules of civilized coexistence makes the behavior of all states in the international arena more predictable, predictable and adequate.
The norms of international law, which providereliable legality and an unshakable rule of law are also necessary to prevent arbitrariness, which poses a huge threat to the established world order and prevents constructive cooperation. Security on a global scale can be based only on the strict observance of principles and norms of legality in international relations.
Still too fresh in the memory of humanity eventsWorld War II, when virtually all participants in this bloody massacre of a planetary scale cynically and without hesitation, all conceivable and unthinkable types of norms of international law and rules of warfare were trampled. At that time, no civilized laws simply did not work. This was a good lesson for humanity and stressed the need to replace the balance of power with the balance of interests that should become the basis of a stable world order.
And the decisive role here is called upon to playfair and democratic norms of international law, on the basis of which the interests of different countries should be coordinated, regardless of their military power, economic well-being and socio-political structure. No state, according to the code of international laws, can be a monopolist in making decisions affecting the interests of other countries. One of the fundamental principles of international law is the equality of all participants in solving any problems of an interstate nature.
The main distinguishing featureinternational law from national legal systems is the absence of any compulsory body. Here everything is based on interstate agreements and is built on the principle of voluntariness. In other words, the MP is strictly of a coordinating nature. The actors of international relations must themselves agree on the rules and scope of their conduct, based on the principles of legality and mutual respect.
And yet in modern conditions there is a certainakin to a protective function. Some rules of international law encourage states to adhere to certain rules of conduct on the international arena. And the guarantor of observance of treaties and agreements is the whole world community. Since there are no suprastate coercive bodies, the principles of collective maintenance of world law and order and legality operate.
Given such values of modern civilization,as the freedom of the individual and human rights, a special place in the global legal system is occupied by the rules of private international law. The main specificity of this branch is its structural affiliation to the national legal system, where it enters (along with civil, labor, family, commercial and criminal codes). The IPP is called upon to ensure, within the framework of a certain state, strict observance of the civil liberties of every single person.