Organization as an object of management
To one of the main links of a market economybelongs to the organization. In the process of formation of commodity and money relations, having economic independence and personally responsible for its financial performance, the organization as the basis of management should create such a management system that will ensure high efficiency, competitiveness and financial strength. Only then the enterprise will be successful.
There are many definitions of the organization.
An organization is a form of unity and cohesionpeople for their collective joint activities within the framework of the existing structure. This is a system that is designed to perform certain functions and tasks.
Organization as an object of management is a set of many actions and processes that lead to the formation and improvement of the interrelations between the individual parts of the whole.
Organization - is the order, coherence and interaction of the autonomous and differentiated parts of one whole, which is due to its structure and structure.
An organization is a collection of people who together implement a specific program, goal, and act based on certain rules and procedures.
One of the main functions of the organization isproduction and further processing of information. In other words, the function of an organization is all those actions that it must take in order to achieve its goals and objectives.
Modern large organization as an objectmanagement is a complex production economic and social system for which input and output are inherent, the process itself, goals, objectives, feedback, and so on. The organization acquires resources from suppliers, carries out the production process and produces finished products, which it then delivers to the consumer and receives profit for it.
There are some laws of the organization in management, failure of which can lead to a malfunction in the functioning of the enterprise and to failure to achieve its main goals.
Law of specialization. The modern production process is based on the application of new technological achievements, technological processes, good work organization in production and information systems. In order to professionally manage production, we need narrowly focused skills and knowledge in various fields of science and technical innovations.
The law of integration. The organization as an object of management can not function properly without this law. Integration or integration in management is determined by the needs of production and quality management of it. This is a kind of merger of management activities and units into one production process, which is called an enterprise. Integration factors include the goals and objectives of the enterprise, the interests and needs of the market.
The law of saving time. This law is relevant not only for material production. Any savings eventually comes down to time savings. This is very typical for management in general, in which this law is called the law of time management. The effectiveness of achieving these goals depends to a large extent on the reaction speed of the manager, the manager, on the specific needs of the market and on the speed of mobilizing all internal and external factors to meet these needs. Organization as an object of management is more competitive, the faster the manager will solve the arising questions. If you touch the global scale, then this law will affect the economic development of a whole region or even a country.