Mushroom spiken: culinary properties, description, distribution
The fungus-mushroom is called precisely becauseCollected in a bucket or bowl, the specimens emit a creak when interacting with each other. Other names of this macromycet: violin, violinist, felt mushroom, spurge. The latter was given to him because of the presence of caustic milky juice, due to which the mushroom-skrynoon refers to the conditionally edible. He was awarded the 4th category. You can use fiddle only as a saucer and salt form. However, before salting, you first need to soak it to remove caustic juice. Although the mushroom is rather mediocre by its taste qualities, folk craftsmen are so skillfully treating the miller, that on a plate it can be very difficult to distinguish it from a real mushroom.
Mushroom-scratches in salt form become whitewith a slightly bluish tinge. They are very strong, smell of mushrooms and creak a little on the teeth while eating. It can easily be confused with pepper mushrooms or white podgruzdkom. However, from the latter the fungus is distinguished by the presence of caustic milky juice. In comparison with the pepper mushroom, the cap has a thin felt surface, as well as rarer plates. There is also a fringe bent at the bottom of the hatchery.
Distribution and habitat
Insects rarely spoil felted mushrooms. They are distributed throughout the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. The fungus mushroom is most often found in mixed and deciduous forests. As a rule, it can be found under birches, in oak, aspen and beech groves from July to mid-October. The scribe prefers places well illuminated by sunlight, where there is a layer of moss and fallen leaves. Typically, felted mushrooms grow large communities (glades), which consist of many copies of different ages. In Russia, this fungus is most common in the middle band.
The leg and the cap of the squeak have a milky white oryellowish color. The plates of the mushroom are narrow, thick, sour cream. The hat at the creaking is dense and fleshy, reaching in diameter of 20 cm. In young mushrooms it has a flat shape, but with age it becomes funnel-shaped. Visually the squeak is very similar to a mushroom. It is with him most often confused mlechnik. Leg rounded, up to 10 cm in height, at the base thin, solid inside, diameter - 3 cm. Its surface is matte, dry, with a thin hat, felt to the touch. The latter is one of the differences in which these fungi are differentiated from pepper mushrooms. You can see their photos in this article.
The flesh of the squeak is thick, stiff, thick,grayish, with acrid and bitter taste and unpleasant odor. The fault places after contact with the air change the original shade to yellow. A drop of FeSO4 substance stains the pulp in a pink and creamy tone. Powder spores whitish. Of the incisions and faults of the fungus, a serious amount of milky juice is allocated, which does not change its color in the air.
In the USSR, according to GOST, the mushroom of the violin was allowedeat only in salted form after prolonged soaking (3 days) and boiling. And many authors of foreign reference books and classifiers consider it to be inedible.