How to plant clematis?
Gardeners are very fond of clematis for the variety of shapes and colors of their large and elegant flowers. Clematis blooms profusely from early summer until mid-September: some bushes are completely covered with incredibly beautiful pink, white or blue buds. Clematis is especially good for gardening fences, gazebos and garden terrace walls.
How to plant clematis: tips
Basically, there are one-year clematis saplings for sale - thin, dryish twigs about twenty centimeters long, although sometimes they also sell biennial seedlings that are much more expensive than one-year-olds. In some cases, the clematis seedlings have no stalk at all - there are only roots and a few small sprouts extending from them.
Seedlings can have a closed root system (in this case they are placed in individual containers filled with earth) or open roots. Clematis with a closed root system can be planted in the garden almost throughout the summer season, starting in mid-spring and ending in mid-autumn.Such seedlings are transplanted together with a lump of native land, so they are well acclimatized at any time.
Saplings with an open root system are planted either in spring or autumn. Before planting, they are soaked for a couple of hours in settled cool water before being dipped into a semi-liquid talker made of equal parts of clay and mullein for better rooting.
When to plant clematis?
Clematis, like most other plants, can be planted in a permanent place in the garden both in autumn and spring, although many experienced growers claim that autumn planting is preferable, but in this case it is necessary to plant clematis at least one month before the first frost arrives - in September, maximum in mid-October. During this time, clematis sapling has time to settle down and get a little stronger.
If you purchased seedlings in late autumn, they will have to be stored until spring in a cold, but by no means freezing cellar or basement. Before placing the seedlings in storage, clematis roots need to be filled with a slightly wet mixture consisting of sand and sawdust, and then during the whole winter every three weeks to pinch the shoots growing on the seedlings.
In spring, the best time for planting clematis comes after the threat of night frost is finally passed, so they should be planted no earlier than mid-May.
Clematis photophilous. In order for them to bloom magnificently, the place where they grow should be illuminated by the sun at least six hours a day.
The place where clematis grows must be protected from strong winds, and at the same time it must be well ventilated. In order for clematis not to overheat on hot summer days, they should not be planted close to solid fences and walls of the house. It is impossible to plant clematis near the walls for one more reason: rainwater flows from the roof into these places, and clematis are very sensitive to excess moisture (their roots rot and plants disappear). The best support for clematis is the openwork walls of garden arbors, fences of chain-link or special trellis lanes and arches.
Clematis planting soil
As already mentioned above, clematis does not tolerate waterlogging, so they are not suitable for heavy, constantly moist clay soil and places with a close location of groundwater.
At the same time, clematis do not like fresh manure and peat, therefore it is better to prepare the soil for planting ahead of time - mix ten buckets of good garden soil with the same amount of compost, add a little sand, a glass of lime and half a cup of superphosphate, and mix the whole mixture well.
- At the selected location, dig a large and fairly deep hole (60 cm in diameter and the same depth).
- Lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the pit - a layer of rubble, broken brick or perlite about 10 centimeters thick.
- Fill the pit with the prepared soil almost to the top, form a small hillock on the soil surface in the pit, plant a clematis seedling on it and gently spread its roots along the earthen tubercle.
- Fill the root system with soil. The ground must cover not only the roots themselves, but also the root collar and the lowest part of the stem.
- Well pour clematis - pour a bucket of separated water under the seedling.
In the first year after planting, it is not necessary to fertilize clematis - we just need to weed, water the seedlings abundantly once or twice a week and loosen the soil around them.