How to make a porch with your own hands so that neighbors are jealous
A house without a porch, like a hen without an egg, like a ramwithout lamb, like love without a heart. That's how rhymes can begin to tell the story of an important part of the house - the porch. It is pleasant to relax on it, basking in the sun. You can leave shoes on the porch so as not to drag dirt into the house. The canopy will protect the steps from rain and snow. And if you know how to make a porch with your own hands, then you can build this outdoor part of the dwelling to your taste, as well as save on a team of builders.
First we need to decide which porchto be constructed. To a house made of bricks it is usually made of concrete. That there were no distortions, it is better to erect it together with the house. Before you make a porch with your own hands, a foundation is erected.
After the markup is doneporch, from this place a layer of soil 20 cm deep is removed. The deepening is filled up with rubble and sand. From above water is poured until it does not soak the entire layer and everything is absorbed. Now you can build the formwork and concreate the steps.
Formwork is made of wooden boards.It can be removed only after the concrete has cooled well. To the edges of the steps are not destroyed, each is strengthened by a metal corner. Here's how to make a porch with your own hands from concrete qualitatively. You can decorate steps by laying on top of a special mortar, a layer of glue or cement tile, stone, granite. No less popular are the porches made of wood, and about this - right now.
How to make a porch with your own hands made of wood
The simplest version of this design -a wooden box with steps. It can be installed on a base of concrete and crushed stone or put on a layer of sand in 5 cm under the corners of the box concrete slabs 40x40x3 cm. They are placed 4 timbers, which will serve as the basis. Most of the canopy and porch are attached to 4-6 vertical logs or beams. They, like all the wooden parts, are well lubricated with an antiseptic and deepened to the ground by 70-80 cm. Pits are made with a drill or with the help of a shovel. After that, the holes are concreted.
When the solution dries well, proceed toinstallation of the porch. These supports are filled with longitudinal or transverse logs of beams, and on them - boards from above and from the side. This will be the porch flooring. Now obliquely put 2-3 kosoura - these are beams or thick boards, in which the holes for the steps are cut. The lower parts of the strips are installed on horizontal concrete support platforms, while the upper parts are attached to the supporting pillars of the porch or lags. The stairs are knocked down from the bottom up. First, the stepping-stone is pinned (the vertical part of the step), and then the tread (horizontal part of the step). Then the railing is fixed. Here's how to make the right porch at home. It remained on top of the vertical poles to fill the lath of the boards and build a roof of iron, roofing material, corrugated board or other suitable material.
General requirements for the construction of the porch
Before you make a porch made of metal, concrete or wood, you need to familiarize yourself with the general rules.
The porch area in the finished form is compulsoryshould be less than the threshold of the entrance door by 5 cm. The step is made at least 30 cm in width, its height - 15-17 cm. The length of the steps and the porch should be not less than 90 cm, and the projection of the platform - not less than 120 cm. On the floor of the porch you can place a mud-retaining mat. It is fixed so that it does not slip.