How to grow strawberries?
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Many of those people who once tried to grow strawberries in their backyard because of its low yields refused this process. But if they knew exactly how to grow strawberries, they could have avoided many common mistakes and, naturally, would have achieved a good harvest.
Before you start planting strawberry bushes, you should learn a little about the features of its various varieties and care for them. Read the information you need, and if there are incomprehensible moments, do not hesitate to contact those who have been growing strawberries for a long time, asking them a question about how to grow strawberries. Videos that can be found on the Internet will also help you to more fully and quickly understand this issue.
How to grow strawberries: where to start
First of all, you should start growing strawberries with the proper selection of the variety you need for your conditions. Agree that the climatic conditions in the Moscow region are very different from the climate of Novosibirsk.And naturally, varieties created for one region will not take root and bear fruit well in another.
It is advisable to choose for planting the most resistant to various diseases of the variety. Berries of such varieties do not always differ in their beautiful shape and large size. But from your garden you will definitely collect a basket of juicy and fragrant berries, even if they are not large.
At the summer cottage, it is advisable to plant different varieties in their ripening, which will allow a long time to get a strawberry crop.
When growing strawberries, a number of problems will inevitably arise: weeds, expanding “whiskers”, slugs, eating the sweetest berries, etc. Each gardener is looking for his own way to solve these problems. But it is better not to allow them to appear, using new advanced methods of growing strawberries, for example, by organizing a bed for her on an agrofibre.
How to grow strawberries in the country
You have decided on the choice of strawberry varieties, and now it remains to plant small bushes at the dacha, water them and wait for the harvest. But do not rush, it's not so easy!
First, the soil should be prepared for future strawberry beds.To do this, choose a horizontal piece of land and carefully crush the weeds growing on it.
The land is fertilized by adding humus or compost into it. After that, the future strawberry patch is covered with ruberoid. Up should look side of the roofing felt, covered with powder. Try not to step on the ruberoid. The edges of the beds carefully cover with bricks, stones or boards.
For planting strawberry bushes on a sheet of roofing material, make small cross-shaped incisions, which are located at a distance of thirty centimeters from each other in three rows. With the help of a small wooden peg we expand the hole, turning it into a hole, into which we dip the roots of a strawberry bush, pour it with water and tamp it.
Roofing material is very long able to retain moisture in the soil. Therefore, strawberries planted in this way should be watered infrequently, so that its roots do not start to rot. Weeds practically do not make their way out of the ruberoid. And if one or two appears, they are easy to cut with garden scissors.
How to grow strawberries with seeds
In order to properly grow strawberries from seeds, you should follow three simple rules:
- It is best to buy a bag of seeds tested by you or your neighbors strawberry variety, which grows well in your climatic conditions and on your soil.
- Properly prepare the ground for the subsequent planting of seeds. It is best to mix two-thirds of the sand with one third of the well-decomposed leaves. Do not add any mineral fertilizers to the soil substrate! Moisten the earth and pour it into small cups.
- Soak strawberry seeds for ten minutes in warm water, and then sow to a depth of 5 mm. If you want to get a harvest this year, then you need to sow in February. Pour the crop and place a cup with it in a plastic bag in which you need to make several small holes to breathe in the plant. After the sprouts appear, they should be gradually hardened, removing the film for a short while. And after they have three leaves, the bag is completely removed.
Now you know how to grow strawberry seedlings, and you can easily do without buying them.
How to grow strawberries all year round
Modern agricultural techniques allow you to get a crop of strawberries all year round. We will tell about some of them.
How to grow strawberries in a greenhouse
Greenhouses built from polycarbonate are best suited for growing strawberries.
The land should not be very heavy. Therefore, two parts of sawdust should be added to 7 parts of loamy sod soil.
As a planting material used out of the ground of a mustache.
To get a good harvest strawberries should create a day length of at least 15 hours, which is achieved using special lamps.
Once every two weeks produce strawberry bushes with potassium salt and superphosphate.
How to grow strawberries in bags
Growing strawberries in bags has long been practiced in many European countries.
This method requires the preparation of large white bags of dense polyethylene of small diameter. They are filled with soil substrate. On the surface of the bag, cuts are made in staggered order in which strawberry bushes are planted. Watering bags is carried out by the drip method with a special nutrient solution from the approximate calculation of two liters per bag per day. With the help of this method, a sufficiently high yield of strawberries is achieved with each square meter of area allocated for its cultivation.
How to grow strawberries at home
Many people in the apartments have insulated loggias, the area of which can be used for growing strawberries.
To do this, it is planted in bags, according to the technology described above, which allows you to have strawberries on the table all year round, and sometimes even sell them.