How to grow violet?
Since the violets (or Saintpaulias) are capricious plants, they also need to be grown in a special way. Experts offer several options, and each of them, in its own way, is convenient. To begin with, a number of general rules on how to properly grow violets before starting planting a future plant.
- We shorten the petiole to 2 cm. Such a sheet will steadily hold in the substrate, so that it will not have to be supplemented with additional means: a piece of foam, a pebble, and so on. At the same time, the length of the stem does not affect how the violet leaves will take root, and how many babies will eventually appear.
- Prepare the container. To do this, take two plastic cups: one for 80 g with the drainage holes made in it, the second - for 100 g without holes. It will serve as a pallet.
- We use pieces of foam as drainage. But if our cups are of different sizes and there is a gap between them when inserting one into the other, you can do without drainage. The finished air gap will protect the roots from rotting.
- As the soil we use a substrate of high peat. Keep in mind that the quality of the soil plays a huge role in the successful engraftment of the Saintpaulia.The soil is used quite loose and not too nourishing.
- If the humidity in the room is low, you will need a transparent bag, which we use as a hothouse for cuttings.
How to grow a violet from a leaflet
- The first method is bruising of the stalk of Saintpaulia in water. Shorten the leaf stalk by cutting with a scalpel, a sharp knife or a blade. Place the finished cutting in a small glass with clean water. In this case, the sheet plate should be above the water level. After two or three weeks, roots will appear on the cut of the leaf. Plant the stalk when the roots grow from 1 to 1.5 cm.
- The second method is bruising a violet stalk without roots. To do this, before planting, we moisturize the plants, carefully rub the substrate with our hands and pour it into a glass with ready drainage holes. Now we plant a cutting in it, sealing around the substrate. So our cutting will not stagger. After planting the soil no longer water. We make a greenhouse: we cover the pot with a transparent bag. The leaf may soon implant, lose turgor. This is not a cause for concern: the cutting in the finished greenhouse will not perish. On the contrary, after two weeks, as soon as he has roots, elasticity will be restored. The package can be removed in a month, when the leaf is well rooted.
How to grow a violet: separate children
Flower growers are called violets, grown from the parent cutting. As a rule, they appear several months later after the rooting of the leaf of the Saintpaulia. For successful growth of the plant, all offspring will have to be separated.
The growth rate of babies directly depends on the conditions in which the plant lives: on air temperature, its humidity and so on, as well as on the number of children. If the sheet gave one baby, it will grow very quickly and immediately form into a symmetrical plant. If there are more babies, then they will grow more slowly.
- It is necessary to separate the baby as carefully as possible so as not to damage its leaves and to preserve the roots as much as possible. In addition, for each child should be prepared a glass.
- Like the stalk of a mother plant, babies can be held in a small greenhouse. Then - gradually to teach kids Saintpaulia to the usual room humidity.
- Keep in mind that babies violets for successful growth need good lighting. Only in this case they will be symmetrical, the foliage will be located horizontally, and the cuttings will not be too long.
The term “starters” refers to a plant that is in a stage between an adult plant and a baby. Usually these plants are young, old enough to bloom for the first time, but so far not strong enough to soon have a nodding bloom.
At this stage, the Saintpaulias must be transplanted into large pots with a nutrient substrate. At the same time, during a transplant, starters are not forbidden to remove small lower leaves.
Because of the transplant on the main stem, the “stepchildren” - side shoots can begin to grow. If you let them grow, they will spoil the look of the violet, break its symmetry, deform the leaves, and prevent flowering. So when they become noticeable, it is better to remove them in time using a blunt toothpick or a ballpoint pen.
Flowering plants will begin a few months after transplantation. Now you know how to grow a violet! Good luck!