How to grow a good crop?
All gardeners want their works to bring results. But it happens that the effort expended does not match him. Knowledge of the nuances of planting and caring for a plant can change everything. We share with you the secrets of how to grow a good crop of the most popular crops.
Most of all carrot loves the beds, where cucumbers, tomatoes, beans and onions grew last year. At one place, this root crop is better not to plant twice. The ideal interval between landings on the same bed is 4 years. Carrots love such "neighbors" like garlic or onions. They help her defend against pests.
Land before planting is required to prepare. Carrot respects well-dug up ground, which is generously fertilized with manure with the addition of superphosphate and potassium chloride (5 kg of manure 20 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium chloride per square meter).
Sowing carrots should be in a shallow furrow, which then need to be watered well. Sprouted seeds should be planted in the already wetted soil to a depth of 2-3 cm. Germinated seedlings are thinned twice.The first time immediately after germination, and the second - after the appearance of leaflets. Sprouts must be apart from each other at a distance of a matchbox. Carrots require constant moisture in the soil, so make sure that it does not dry out. Do not choose darkened areas for sowing carrots, she does not like this either.
Ginger is rarely grown in our country. If you want to breed this culture, read about it in the article How to grow ginger.
In our countries, onions are usually produced in two stages. On the first of them, seeds are planted in the ground and at the exit they receive small onions - onion sets. Here from it the next year also onions will turn out. If this is the first time of your farming, you can purchase onion sets at the bazaar, simultaneously planting seeds. Then next year you will have both seeds, and onions, and onions.
For onions, there are no better predecessors than potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage and zucchini, and planting in one place more often than once every four years is not recommended. If two months before sowing the onions are heated at a temperature of 40-45 degrees for 8 hours, it will be more resistant to diseases.
Like carrots, onions like the sun, moisture and well-loosened earth. No wonder they are the best neighbors in the garden. Before planting, it would be nice to fertilize the earth, having spent 30 g of saltpeter, superphosphate and 20 g of potassium chloride per square meter. All fertilizers are diluted in 1 bucket of water.
Onions, like carrots, are planted in grooves, the distance between them should be 20 cm. The first shoots require fertilizer: a tablespoon of saltpeter - in a bucket of water. When the plant has a fourth leaf, prepare a mixture for watering with fertilizer: 15 g of saltpeter, and 20 g of potassium chloride and superphosphate per bucket of water. Periodically loosen the ground around the seedlings and water them.
If you want to grow garlic, read about it in the article How to grow garlic.
If someone can be called the queen of the garden, it is potatoes.
In order for the harvest to be your joy, and your neighbors for your envy, you must follow the rules.
Preparation of the landing site includes plowing and spraying the land with a herbicide. For planting are selected only the best tubers, healthy, without flaws, the size of a chicken egg.
For better yield, you can moisten the tubers with nitrogen-phosphate fertilizer, diluted according to the instructions.
Willingness of potatoes for planting is determined by the eyes: they must begin to grow, but not outgrow, otherwise they will easily break. Potatoes can not be planted in frozen ground. The optimum temperature of the soil is 8 degrees. Tubers are buried to a depth of 6-8 cm. When sprouts appear, they need to be tucked up.
Potatoes do not need additional watering at normal rainfall. But if summer is given arid, you can not do without it.
Do not forget to periodically spray potatoes from the Colorado potato beetle. Otherwise, it can spoil the whole crop.
And the last tip. In order for the variety to maintain its yield and quality, alternate it with others.
For beets, too, need good care.