How to determine the year of the sewing machine "Singer". Serial numbers of Singer sewing machines
Everyone commemorates Vladimir Mayakovsky: "To Comrade Nett, the steamboat and the man." In the same way, for an ordinary consciousness, the ancient sewing machine and its creator Isaac Singer "grew together" in the name of Singer. Moreover, the exquisite vintage technique has, over time, pushed aside the portrait of the owner of production.
The highest reliability of all structural unitsallows even after a century or so to give out the perfect line, working with any materials - from the finest fabrics to rough leather. It is by no means idle that the owner is interested in how to determine the year of the sewing machine "Singer".
Mr. Singer, a sewing machine and a businessman
Accuracy and punctuality of the equipment manufacturerwill help us, when we, armed with patience and turning to the help of a general modern friend - the Internet, determine the year of the Singer sewing machine. You ask, how? Very simple! "All the moves are recorded," as one well-known literary hero said. Detailed "Talmuds" with the serial numbers of black beauties-beloshwesk were accurately kept in the accounts department of the Singer company, and then, in abbreviated form, were transferred to the Web for all curious owners, collectors and hunters after the old sewing equipment.
Of all the Registry logs not available foranalysts were only documents dating from the year 1851 (the year of the first release of the famous typewriter) for the 1870s. Such scrupulous detailing of documents for a century and a half makes an honor to any production! So let's say to the talented inventor and his successors "thank you" for the opportunity to satisfy the thirst for knowledge on the question: "How to determine the year of the sewing machine" Singer "?"
Amazing production volumes
From the information provided, we can find out,for example, that already at the beginning of 1871 the serial number of the sewing equipment leaving the conveyor was 611,000, at the beginning of the next year - 914,000, in 1973 - 964,000 and so on. As we see, the demand for typewriters was not the same in different periods, and the print runs of their release changed from year to year, were not a constant.
Million Singer saw the light as early as 1873,two millionth copy refers to the end of 1875, the 10 millionth was produced in 1891. 1899, the penultimate in the century, ended with a figure of 16,831,099.
In addition to resolving the issue: "How to determine the year of the sewing machine" Singer "?", Since 1900, you can establish, thanks to the letter marking, the place where this or that mechanism was made.
The letters M, P correspond to the production inScotland, N - in the American New Jersey (the city of Elizabeth). Since 1904, for the American plant is added marking B (under it was produced a little more than a half million sewing machines).
For us, the interest appeared in 1906Russian-made equipment numbers in Podolsk, beginning with the letter S, T (from 1908 it was replaced by the letter E, since 1911 - A). In addition to Podolsk, Singer subsidiaries existed in Prussian Wienberg, as well as in Connecticut (Bridgeport).
Obviously, for example, the sewing machine SingerThe year 1904 can only be of foreign production, most likely American. In the Russian market, the "Singer Manufactory Company" (which existed since 1863) was present five years after the abolition of serfdom. The expensive delivery of equipment from overseas prompted thirty-five years later to establish a production facility in Podolsk. The construction was started in 1900, but initially since 1902 the plant prepared only separate spare parts for family sewing machines.
In the 20-ies of the XX century, mass productionprompted products to be labeled with numbers, preceded by a two-letter code. The plants were built in Colombia's Bogota, Buenos Aires, Mexico, Chile, Peru, Brazil, Canadian Quebec, Australia, Japan, Taiwan and the Philippines. The closest production facilities to Russia were located in German Karlsruhe, the Italian city of Monza, the French Bonnieres, in Istanbul, Pakistan.
In the US, during this period, another plant in South Carolina (Anderson) opens, in addition to the traditional production in New Jersey.
The history of the Russian "Singer"
Director of the enterprise built in Podolskuntil the revolution of 1917 remained his erection engineer Walter Frank Dickson. In 1913, with which it was common to compare all the successes of Soviet construction, the daily production of sewing machines amounted to 2,500 per day, over 600,000 per year. The company enjoyed all the preferences of the Supplier of the Court of His Imperial Majesty. Its turnover increased seven times against the original, throughout Russia, 3,000 branded stores were opened, the total staff of which surpassed 20,000 people. Products, not inferior in quality overseas, was provided to the domestic buyer in installments. That's why the Singer sewing machine is still found in almost every family.
Podolsky factory in the first years of the Soviet powerproduced small consumer goods - cast iron, irons on the coal mine, openers and frying pans. Later it was again transformed into the only enterprise in the Union that produced sewing machines Podolsk, and in 1994 returned to the bosom of the Singer Company. Production efficiency is supported by cooperation with transnational corporation "Seven-Tek".
Myths and the true story of "Singer"
The problem is how to determine the yearrelease sewing machine "Singer", has not only an altruistic-historical aspect, but also a noticeable "shade of treasure hunt." There is a myth that certain details of the mechanism (in particular, the shaft) were created by designers from rare valuable metals (palladium and the like).
Possessing such an enviable rarity, apparently,representing the family value, do not trust people suitable for his "research" with a magnet in his hands in anticipation that the iron materials of the sewing machine will not exhibit the properties of attraction.
Metals other than iron are present inmainly in the frame of a limited batch of sewing machines, released in the mid-30's. High molybdenum content makes them somewhat more valuable "scrap metal".
The inclination to sensationalism inherent in society inthe state of turmoil, led to the publication in the domestic press of yet another false information that some serial numbers of sewing machines Singer, lost in Russia, promise their owners a prize of 1 million dollars. It seems that there is no sense in debunking such children's fables.
The truth is that in a merchant's environmentour pre-revolutionary Motherland, the idea to produce its own, much less qualitative counterfeit, the speed of its work and the reliability of the nodes left much to be desired. A sign of the authentic "Singer" is an oval copper tablet with the inscription "Tne Singer Manfg Co", placed on the frame. Individual number, which begins with the letter of the Latin alphabet, should be searched on the board.
It is worth checking the performance of theyou sewing machine, calling the wizard to adjust the mechanisms. After all, even the inventor Isaac Singer once, a whole day, "fought" over the first, just assembled offspring, trying to get a perfectly flat line. It turned out that the engineer, because of fatigue, simply forgot to adjust the tension of the upper thread.