Daylilies. Planting and care
Daylily - flower culture, oftenmeeting in our gardens. These are usually wild species, although there are many varieties and hybrids of the daylilies in the world, the flowers of which are of a variety of shapes and colors. Daylily - a long-term culture, undemanding to the place, climate, care. And along with these advantages, he is very decorative, perfectly camouflages the gardens in the gardens, decorates the fence, defines the landscape zones.
Daylilies, planting and care for them, their decorative and culinary uses are described in the works of the great Chinese thinker Confucius.
Presowing soil preparation
Daylilies, planting and care for which are not difficult, nevertheless, suggest some agrotechnical conditions. Beforehow to grow a daylily, you need to decide on theplace for planting. These flowers are actively developing and growing in the first five years, and it is during this period that their transplantation to another place is not recommended. This plant tolerates the winter well, rarely gets sick, develops well and blossoms in the shade, but large and bright flowers give on sunny places.
The preparation of soil for the daylily isdigging (to a depth of at least 30 cm), making organic (peat, compost, humus) and mineral fertilizers 9 with a total mass of 100 grams per square meter). If the soil is clayey, heavy, it must be drained, adding sand, fine gravel, peat. This will facilitate the supply of nutrients to the roots of the daylily.
The flower is drought-resistant, too moist soil and stagnant water for it are fatal, so the landing site must be high.
Preparation of planting material
The planting stock of the daylily can beto buy in specialized stores, but most gardeners multiply it by rosettes, separated from an adult plant. Division of the bush is the most effective method of reproduction.
The daylily grows in one place for a long time, moreten years. But to divide the old bush is rather difficult, therefore it is better to use a five-year plant for reproduction. At this age, the daylily is in the "prime of life".
The bush destined for division is excavated, the rootsthey dry and shake the earth from them. Carefully, not injuring, it is difficult to separate the intertwined and intergrown roots, but it is possible. If not, they are cut with a knife. Each landing rosette should be a fragment of the root neck with growth points (kidneys).
Split the bush and plant outlets can be throughout the season. The main thing is that by winter the plant is already rooted.
Rosettes are planted at a distance of 50x50 cm from each other. An updated daylily will blossom in two years and create an effective, bright curtain.
How to care for daylilies.
Care for daylilies is simple, especially with goodpre-plant preparation. On the fertilized, drained, loose soil the daylily practically does not need additional feeding. It can even do without watering if it grows in the middle belt, in north-west Russia, in Siberia, in the Far East, that is, in areas with a sufficient amount of precipitation. But drying out, cracking the soil is unacceptable. In hot weather, in a dry summer, the plant must be watered. Do this carefully, avoiding water falling on leaves and flowers. After irrigation should cover the soil mulch. For this purpose, grass, sawdust, and peat are suitable.
Over the many years of the life of the daylily, its winter hardinessnot once can be tested by very severe or little snowy winters. To the daylily does not become cold, under winter it should be covered with lapnik, fallen leaves, sawdust. In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, the covering material should be removed.
Wild-growing, natural daylilies, planting and carefor which the very inexperienced florist,have a limited color palette. Numerous varieties and hybrids, bred by breeders, undoubtedly have better decorative qualities, but such daylilies, planting and care for them are more laborious. They are demanding of agrotechnics, more susceptible to disease, less cold-resistant.