Cervical cancer: symptoms, causes, treatment
Among many varieties of oncologydiseases the leading place is occupied by cervical cancer, the symptoms of which should be known to every girl. Since it is known that the earlier the treatment of any disease begins, the more successful it will be, it is very important to diagnose the abnormalities as early as possible. Even better, if you can establish background or precancerous processes that arise in the body of a woman. These are usually referred to as erosion, epithelial dysplasia, leukoplakia, and some other disorders. With their timely diagnosis, it is usually possible to prevent oncology. Cervical cancer, the causes or prerequisites of which are established in a timely manner, is subject to complete cure.
The question of how the cervical cancer manifests itself,should worry every woman. For the prevention of this terrible disease it is recommended that every girl who has reached puberty, at least once in six months visit a gynecologist, undergo medical examinations, take tests, conduct an independent examination of her body, carefully monitor all the abnormalities that arise in the body.
Cervical cancer. Symptoms of the disease:
- Sometimes scarce spotting is possible, especially after intimacy;
- The appearance of blood in the urine;
- Bleeding after the onset of menopause;
- Long and very painful periods;
- Painful sensations during intimacy;
- Weak pains in the lower abdomen, extremities or lower back;
- At a certain stage, a sharp weight loss occurs;
- Fast fatiguability.
A doctor can determine the presence of mutatedcells in the smear, after which he will appoint ultrasound, tomogram, colposcopy and biopsy. It is these studies that will allow us not only to establish correctly whether or not there is a prerequisite for oncology, but also to point out to the experts the correct methods of treatment. Their choice also depends on the type of cancer. It is known that only ten percent of women suffer from adenocarcinoma, and the other cancer patients diagnosed with squamous cell cancer.
Cervical cancer, the symptoms of which are listed above, arise against the background of various abnormalities or diseases that the patient suffers. They can be completely different.
Cervical cancer: the causes of the disease
- Herpes virus. 95% of the inhabitants of the Earth are infected with it. Despite the fact that first of all herpes is manifested on the face (it is often called "cold on the lips"), untimely treatment, it can develop into genital herpes and on to oncological lesions of internal organs.
- Human papillomavirus. They are known for more than a hundred, but not all lead to oncology. Determine the strain of the virus and, therefore, its danger can only be done by careful examination. Infection occurs only with human-to-human contact. If the virus is not found on time, it can provoke the development of dysplasia, which, in its essence, is a precancerous condition.
- Injuries of the cervix.
- Sexual life started in early adolescenceage. Cervical cancer (the symptoms of which are easy to miss if you do not undergo examinations with a specialist) in this case comes from traumatizing the unripe genitals.
- Random sex life.
- Multiple abortions.
- Venereal diseases.
- Hormonal disorders in the background of aging. It has been established that in most cases, women fall ill with cancer after forty years. After sixty the peak of the disease is reduced.
- Incorrect way of life, excessive or, conversely, insufficient weight.
- Genetic predisposition. However, this reason is controversial, not all experts agree with it.
- Depression, nervous breakdowns, psychosomatic diseases (also a very controversial cause, which is not recognized by all oncologists).
Medical statistics found that 40%of women diagnosed with "cervical cancer", the symptoms of the manifested disease were ignored, so they applied for help at the 3-4 stage of the disease, when the treatment is as difficult or impossible as possible.
With timely access to a doctor, cervical cancer can be cured.
Today, several methods of treatment are used: surgical, combined radiation and combined. The latter implies the joint use of surgical methods and chemotherapy or radiation and chemical therapy. The choice of method of treatment depends on the patient's condition, the features of the disease, the stage of its neglect.
Usually at the preinvasive stage, especially inwomen under the age of 50 years, only conical removal of the cervix is used. With this low-traumatic method, the possibility of becoming pregnant and bearing a child is completely preserved. In the case of recurrent disease or in older women, the uterus and appendages are removed completely.
Every girl should remember that the more often shewill visit the doctor, the less likely to get a terrible diagnosis. In the case of a disease, early diagnosis is a guarantee of a successful cure.